Asia Minor or Anatolia is presumed as the first homeland of Europe civilization. It has an importance in terms of being a landbridge between Europe and Asia. It is a threshold that contains both speciality of both side. Indo-European people sweeped into Asia Minor and then they merged with the local community. These people are called Hittites. Their best-known capital was Hattusas (east of Ankara) and they had grate power. The most conspicuous things in their town were redoubtable advocacy, covered streets, gigantic public structures and drainage channels. A good network system of the roads made possible neat communication with neighboring states. At the same time, defense, security and feeling safety was the main concern for them. Therefore, the properties of landscape (rocky hills at the end of a wide and fertile valley) was used as defense and intimidation and also the heights of walls gave the feeling of formidable so they could discourage for aggressors.
Yeap, today is a museum day. First stop was Anatolian Civilizations Museum. The museum consists of two buildings which are Mahmut Paşa Bedesten and Kurşunlu Han. In this museum, Anatolian archeology is exhibited starting with Paleolithic Age and continuing modern-day.
In Paleolithic Age, human beings did not know agricultural production so they spent their lives by consuming wild fruit and vegetables and animals that they hunted. Therefore, they needed some tools to hunt and pick up something and they made handmade tools by sculpting stone.
In Neolithic Age, besides hunting and picking up, they started agriculture and animal husbandary. Yet another outstanding things are wall painting, human and animal (mostly animal) figures and goddess figure. One of the most important and significant findings in this Age is Çatalhöyük dwellings. For costruction of those dwellings local material was used. When we look at the inner space, there was no room division. However archeological evidence show that there was some particular spaces for unique usage. One remarkable thing is that there was no door or window in these dwellings, they used roof for enter the houses with the help of stairs. This provided them to protect themselves from predetory animals. Another remarkable thing is wall drawings and one of the most important one is a city plan of Çatalhöyük with depiction of Mount Hasan with it’s volcanic character. One last thing that I observed was that they buried the dead bodies under terraces of the house because they thought and believed that soul of the dead can protect them.
In Chalcolithic Age , ruling class and craftmanship came to light, concept of sinker showed up, population of villages gradually increased, so urbanization and social organization started to germinate.
The second stop was Erimtan Museum next to Anatolian Civilizations Museum. This museum has a collection (Yüksel Erimtan collects them in many years).