Pre-Jury II

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In the museum, permanently, traditional print format, analog and mechanic techniques, typography, print-out outcomes will be exhibited. Also in this period there were development in cinema and photograhpy, therefore, there will be digital and performance room.

In the site, Meşrutiyet Street is more important and I want to transfer pedestrian flow of it to the site and I created a social and active split and people can reach auditorium, library, cafe, shop, digital rooms and workshop spaces from there.

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Theme Proposal and Searches for İstanbul Tepebaşı

During the 14th century, Galata with its urban form and structures used to display its period’s typical features as a Mediterranean city. It had become an important part of the city where commercial relations with the West were established and carried on, and this characteristic of the area had continued. In 15th century The most important axis of the region was the Voyvoda Avenue (today’s Bankalar Avenue), which extended parallel to the shore line and on which were lined the administrative structures of the colony.

Beyond the Galata walls, the Pera region, which was composed of vineyards-orchards and called as ‘Pera Vineyards’, had started to be built up gradually from the middle of the 18th century onwards. During the 19th century, on the other hand, an inclination had begun in Galata to extend towards the open areas beyond the walls. While the vacant areas had begun to be redeveloped by splendid structures led by the embassy buildings which lined around the main axis called Rue de Pera (today’s İstiklal Avenue).

The masonry embassy buildings were contributing to the region’s European image. In spite of the resemblances in the settlement pattern, a different trend was observed from the point of view of social, cultural and architectural development.

grand balThroughout the carnival season, bales were being organized almost everywhere. The bales given for the benefit of associations or Embassies were not looking for examples in the West. Greek, Armenian, Jewish and Italian ballads were announced in advance banners, and newspapers were also showing their ads.

A.Ubicini observed that Galata merchants would walk through the narrow district which connected Galata and Pera after work, and would look at Petit Champs des Morts and Genoese structures on the way. After having dinner at home they would take part in the evening’s entertainment.50 This active participation in Pera’s nightlife in the district developed society, and this gained the attention of Pera’s inhabitants.

The French and the Italian theatres were located in the central area. And also Petit Champs des Mort was transformed to a theatre (Tepebaşı Şehir Tiyatrosu).

The posters of the plays to be exhibited in the theater are prepared and also mentioned in newspaper ads.

Especially in the second half of the century, Pera inhabitants slowly witnessed the changing face of the district with the theatres, passages, cafes, shops and other cultural public and private places. With the establishment of department stores, they could find also direct shopping amenities and had the possibility to see products up close. These stores also started to make their advertisement with some posters to increase their sales and also to compete with each other.

The biggest transformation in Tepebaşı is; the arrival of the famous Orient Express in 1889 from Paris to Istanbul after the start of direct train services from Paris to Istanbul to the passengers of the high standard of service has been able to serve the needs of the guests. Therefore, some important hotel were opened to service. Such as, Grand Hotel de Londres, Bristol Hotel (today’s Pera Museum) and Pera Palas. And this process contributed to the development of travel and tourism sectors in the Pera region. And some travel and tourism brochures was published.

In the changing and developing process, visualization in the fields of travel, tourism, entertainment and trade has an important place. Therefore, collections in the museum include advertisement and poster visualizations under trade and capitalism, entertainment and visuality and travel and tourism headings.

About Museums

The word museum used in Greek as ‘mousein’. In Ancient Greece important objects were gathered and treasury buildings were built to exhibit these objects. These structures were used as a center of social activities and also there were philosophical speeches in Hellenistic period. These structures were meeting place of intellectuals. They designated philosophical institutions or place of contemplation. Also, museum was used to improve cultural level of society.

Private Collection to Public Exhibition

In 15th century Europe museum was described the collection of Lorenzo de’ Medici. By the 17th century it used to describe collection of curiosities. The idea of an institution called museum and established to preserve and display a collection to the public was established in 18th century which is British Museum. During 19th century and most of 20th century the word museum denoted a building housing cultural material to which the public had access.

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British Museum

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British Museum

The first real scene of the transition from the mystery of the Renaissance cabinets to rationalist museology is the Louvre. However, the first museum designed and constructed according to the ‘revolutionary’, ‘enlightened’ museum discipline is the Berlin Altes Museum, the work of Schinkel. Schinkel translates Boullée’s dreams into his own mind. The rotunda in the center of the museum is a reference to his friend Hegel as well as his master Boullée. The museum plan is a schematic diagram of the modern, rational, Greek-centric, historically historiographical art history of Winckelmann (1717-1768): Nations (national schools), each starting from ancient Greece, occupying separate galleries, are displayed in a hierarchical manner by their deeds, the progress of the history of civilization.

Altes Museum (Berlin)

Berlin Altes Museum

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Berlin Altes Museum

In the book ‘The Remarkable of Istanbul, Zeynep Çelik’ tells about the public space and the westernization of the structures in the section until Abdulhamit is reduced from the throne. The difference of the Ottomans was that they did not live in a situation like colonization and it reacted differently than in other countries and this situation especially showed itself in Istanbul. She mentioned that the important point such as the reconstructed Byzantine period and the post-conquest Islamic viewpoint of the 19th century were the changes.

In this book, three main invented traditions are mentioned, first the laws and regulations in public areas and city design, the second is the mentality provided by these written laws and regulations, such as effective road networks, monumental squares and uniformed public cover, and the third in Europe the introduction of similarities to structures made with the newly emerging architectural vision.

In Ottoman Period, the first building designed as a museum was built by architect Paul Vaullary and opened in 1891. When it opened its name was Museum-i Hümayun, and today is Istanbul Archeology Museum. In this museum there were museum-school relation. Therefore we can say that this museum is a space where information is processed and exhibited and we looked at the façade of the structure, it is the reflection of collection inside the museum and become showcase of them.

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Istanbul Archeology Museum

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Istanbul Archeology Museum

Evkaf-ı Islamiye Museum,  which was the foundation of today’s Turkish Islamic Art Museum , was selected in 1914 by the works of the houses of the empire, and it was opened under the name of Süleymaniye Mosque. Museum has a courtyard and exhibition spaces surround this courtyard.

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Ankara Ethnography Museum was desiged by Arif Hikmet Koyunoğlu in 1925-1927. The pieces are mostly religious and ethnic pieces. It also has a courtyard surrounded by display spaces.

Ankara Etnografya Müzesi

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